The first collection went to people who sent material as thanks for their participation and to welcome them to the ongoing project.
Much of this material is protected by copyright — I can't put it on an open access web site. It is permissible to share working materials with collaborators on a project. People who help us to build the collection are project collaborators. What I do is to share the collection with them.
Project documents will become widely available in one or more open access formats. This includes the project bibliography, a critical literature review, and — if we feel that it will be useful, an annotated bibliography. The bibliographies will be announced and circulated, and they will be made available under a Creative Commons license. The critical literature review will most likely be published in an open access journal, but if it is not published open access, the final author's pre-publication draft will be made available open access. All of these will be available on my Academia page.
If you check the page, you'll see that I make many such documents available already:
Back in the 1970s when I took my PhD in human behavior, the psychologists and anthropologists with whom I studied use to analyze the best ways to provide incentives for participation in surveys. This was before Internet and email, and long before online survey technology. Surveys were printed on paper and delivered in envelopes by uniformed members of the United States Post Office with return envelopes for the completed surveys of those who answered the questions. Surveys generally involved people you did not know, and if you were a doctoral student, the people you attempted to survey most definitely did not know you.
The protocol for randomized surveys involved painstaking work to identify and randomize relevant populations. For example, this might be a sample of all female voters in selected election districts in the states of California, Colorado, and Connecticut. The protocol for targeted surveys was simpler, except that they weren't random. For example, someone might want to ask every city council member in an American city with more than 5,000,000 inhabitants about council member response to voter complaints. Or someone might want to survey the executive officer of every missile-bearing submarine in the United States Navy to ask about crew morale on long deep sea cruises. Or perhaps someone might want to survey university psychology professors on how to get a good survey response.
Getting would-be survey participants to respond could be a real problem. If one did not get enough answers relative to the population size and the survey sample, it might create problems. This is why, to this day, so many researchers in different fields use populations drawn from easily accessible groups — such as university students. In many cases, this is quite workable — especially in simple experiments for such fields as behavioral economics. For surveys, it was different.
The search for effective incentives was endless. For example, someone found that attaching a $5 bill to the survey letter increased the response rate significantly. It was obvious that people could keep the money whether they responded or not — but the fact that they were given a gift with cash value increased the response rate. This is the same principle the charities use in sending cards, key rings, memory sticks, or return address stickers as gifts with the donation pitch. It works, too, even on intelligent people. One elderly relative — a former university professor — always sent a small check. Unfortunately, that made him a target for further mailings. When he died, his kids found a drawer in his house stuffed with giveaway memory sticks from different charities. Another drawer had several dozen packages of return address labels.
Today, we face similar challenges in response to research requests such as this one.
In the Internet era, however, it is much easier to offer an incentive. Everyone who sends documents goes on my lists of collaborators, and every collaborator gets a link to the collection.
Ken Friedman, PhD, DSc (hc), FDRS | Editor-in-Chief | 设计 She Ji. The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation | Published by Tongji University in Cooperation with Elsevier | URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/she-ji-the-journal-of-design-economics-and-innovation/
Chair Professor of Design Innovation Studies | College of Design and Innovation | Tongji University | Shanghai, China ||| University Distinguished Professor | Centre for Design Innovation | Swinburne University of Technology | Melbourne, Australia
> On Apr 23, 2017, at 1:21 AM, Adam Nash <email@example.com> wrote:
> Dear Ken,
> Sorry if I missed this, but could you post again where you made the first collection available last week?
> Kind regards,
>> I made the first collection available last week, and I will make an updated collection available as soon I I finish organizing it.
> Adam Nash, PhD.
> Program Manager, B.Design (Digital Media).
> Co-Director, Playable Media Lab, Centre for Game Design Research.
> School of Media and Communication, RMIT University,
> GPO Box 2476, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3001.
> +61-3-9925-2598 | firstname.lastname@example.org | www.rmit.edu.au/mediacommunication
> CRICOS Provider Code: 00122A
> On 21 April 2017 at 11:06:36 PM, Ken Friedman (email@example.com) wrote:
>> Dear Colleagues,
>> Last week, I posted a request seeking help in finding articles, reports, and documents of any kind on the topics of 1) practice based research, 2) practice led research, 3) practice as research, 4) artistic research, 5) investigative design, and 6) generative research.
>> So far, I have received over 200 contributions. I am grateful to those who have sent them — I'm writing again to request that people who haven't yet sent documents support this project with material.
>> In working on an article, I discovered that authors use these terms in many different ways. In some cases, the same terms designate very different approaches, methods, or perspectives. In other cases, different terms indicate the same approach, method, or perspective. More confusing still, some of these terms designate approaches, methods, or perspectives that could easily be characterized using standard research terms from the social sciences, natural sciences, humanities, or liberal arts. While artists, designers, architects, composers, or other practitioners of the fine arts or creative arts have done the projects, these could well be projects by researchers in other fields.
>> I seek anything that anyone can send me that has been published in books, journals, reports, or even in the gray literature. I also welcome research documents such as PhD dissertations or theses that exemplify these terms if when the documents contain an explicit method or methodology section that defines terms and methods,
>> When possible, I'd like actual documents in .pdf or MS Word .docx or .doc formats.
>> It is easy to send documents in any standard format by using WeTransfer. WeTransfer hosts a free service that allows users to send up to 20 GB at no cost. It is easy to upload documents, and easy to download them.
>> When documents are not accessible, I also welcome links.
>> Please send these directly to me, not to this list. Email to:
>> As usual, I will compile the documentation that I receive. I will send a complete bibliography to everyone who contributes, and I will make the full collection available to anyone who wishes a copy. I made the first collection available last week, and I will make an updated collection available as soon I I finish organizing it.
>> This project will take two or three months. As with similar projects in the past, I will release the complete bibliography and make the collection available when it is done.
>> If you have materials, I will be deeply grateful for your help.
>> Ken Friedman, PhD, DSc (hc), FDRS | Editor-in-Chief | 设计 She Ji. The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation | Published by Tongji University in Cooperation with Elsevier | URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/she-ji-the-journal-of-design-economics-and-innovation/
>> Chair Professor of Design Innovation Studies | College of Design and Innovation | Tongji University | Shanghai, China ||| University Distinguished Professor | Centre for Design Innovation | Swinburne University of Technology | Melbourne, Australia
>> Email firstname.lastname@example.org | Academia http://swinburne.academia.edu/KenFriedman | D&I http://tjdi.tongji.edu.cn
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SBSCRIBE: click on the link to the list you wish to subscribe to. In the page that will appear ("info page"), enter e-mail address, name, and password in the fields found further down the page.
HOW TO UNSUBSCRIBE: on the info page, scroll all the way down and enter your e-mail address in the last field. Enter password if asked. Click on the unsubscribe button on the page that will appear ("options page").
TO ENABLE / DISABLE DIGEST MODE: in the options page, find the "Set Digest Mode" option and set it to either on or off.
If you prefer to read the posts on a blog go to http://yasminlist.blogspot.com/