As you may have noticed our heated discussion
about simulation suddenly went quiet- the pleasure
of asynchronous communication= the system gave
us all time to think ! If you send a post that did not
get through please re-post !!
Personally I would like to bring in the science end
of simulation which has been pretty absent from this
Numeric simulations have introduced new ways of
making scientific hypotheses= particular in areas of
complex and non linear systems where it has been difficult
to frame hypotheses in the form of "compact" descriptions
that we associate with equations like E=MC2.
As pointed out by Katherine Hayles ( and others) such
simulations are confirmed through a process of retrodiction
rather than a process of prediction= climate change models
for instance are tested against historical data and the
predictions they are used to make always have large
uncertainties associated with the uncertainties in the
physical theories coded in the models as well as available
historical data. Such systems are also often unstable
(the butterfly effect).
It is also notoriously difficult to validate such large scale
digital simulations= in astronomical simulations of the
evolution of structure of the universe the scientific community
has generated a number of "test cases" which all simulations
are tested against to see if the simulations agree.
We had an interesting seminar with historian of science
patrick mccray at IMERA
discussed the impact of computer science on
the arts, humanities and the sciences and the area of
simulation was an area that emerges as a cross disciplinary
theme that allows new kinds of theory both in the humanities
and the sciences
some of this overlaps with the topic area that we will be
exploring at the NETSCI Leonardo Satellite Conference
on the Arts, Humanities and Complex Systems.
<http://artshumanities.netsci2010.net/>we will shortly be announcing the
speakers at this conference.
The science of complex systems introduces new laws that
are applicable in some situations of simulation of complex systems
(for instance the way that people cluster can be modeled in interesting
Understanding spatial connectivity
of individuals with non-uniform
BY PU WANG1,2 AND MARTA C. GONZÁLEZ1,*
We construct a two-dimensional geometric graph connecting individuals placed
within a given contact distance. The individuals are distributed using a
country's density of population.We observe that while large clusters (group
connected) emerge within some regions, they are trapped in detached urban
to the low population density of the regions bordering them. To understand
of a giant cluster that connects the entire population, we compare the
graph with the one generated by placing the same number of individuals
space. We find that, for small contact distances, the empirical distribution
dominates the growth of connected components, but no critical percolation
observed in contrast to the graph generated by a random distribution of
results show that contact distances from real-world situations as for WIFI
connections drop in a zone where a fully connected cluster is not observed,
human mobility must play a
I would be interested in other comments on how simulations are being used
across the sciences and humanities to generate new kinds of theories
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